The American Society of Ocularists is an international, non-profit, professional and educational organization founded in 1957 by professionals specializing in the fabricating and fitting of custom-made ocular prosthetics, artificial eyes.

The American Academy of Ophthalmology is a professional medical association of ophthalmologists. The Academy’s stated mission is “to protect sight and empower lives by serving as an advocate for patients and the public, leading ophthalmic education, and advancing the profession of ophthalmology.”

DrMark Doubrava is a board certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology, located in Las Vegas, NV. He is an amazing physician and he and his staff is happy to answer questions.

Prosthetic Artists (formerly Phillip A. Danz & Associates) provides impression-fitted, hand-sculpted, hand-painted ocular prostheses, and facial prostheses. Eric Lindsey is a BCO (Board Certified Ocularist) serving Sacramento California and Kauai Hawaii.

Janet Chao, BCO, BADO is an anaplastologist and ocularist based in Sacramento, out of the desire to help advance the small field of facial prosthetics, founded Prosthetics Advancement Lab (PAL) in 2014. An individual must undergo five years of apprenticeship (10,000 hours) in order to qualify for a board exam in ocularistry. The number of Board Certified Ocularists in the world is in the hundreds, and fewer than fifty people carry the title of Certified Clinical Anaplastologist. These are highly trained individuals who have the skills to create a comfortable, aesthetically pleasing facial prosthesis. Janet owns Prosthetic Advancement Lab located at 3663 E. Sunset Rd. Ste 506, Las Vegas, NV 89120.  (702) 609-9203.

Lost Eye Public Group | Facebook. Lost Eye has 1117 members. An introductory place for all those affected by the loss of sight in one eye. It may be you, a friend, family member, or anyone else.

Dr. Lisa Mihora is a board certified ophthalmologist. She specializes in facial and peri-ocular rejuvenation and reconstruction surgery. She is located in Phoenix, Arizona and maintains the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the Air Force Reserve.

Anna Boyd Jefferson, BCO works at Carolina Eye Prosthetics. This laboratory specializes in high quality, custom-made ocular prostheses and is located in central North Carolina. This friendly office services patients from around the country and even arranges hotel and transportation if necessary.

Philomena Bellero, BCO, BADO works at Mager & Gougelman, Inc. She has over 28 yrs. experience and is a dedicated professional currently setting up a support group for monocular and blind patients. The office is located in Hempstead, New York and has been in business since 1851. is a leading senior care resource for family caregivers seeking information and support as they care for aging parents, spouses and other loved ones. We have been featured by AARP. The Administration for Community Living. The National Legal Resource Center, and Forbes, as well as referenced by many governmental agencies and organizations across the internet. For more information visit:  or

Assisted Living Research Institute is an industry-leading research organization dedicated to enhancing the lives of older adults by compiling comprehensive research, the latest studies, and real-world insight from experts, caregivers, and seniors into easy-to-understand actionable guides and resources. For more information go to:  or


Note: **Doctor Resource.  *Ocularist Resource.


A prosthetic eye is completely aesthetic. It does not function as an actual organ.

An implant is placed in the eye socket then the prosthetic eye is formed to fit in it to provide some movement. Usually movement is a bit limited creating the appearance of a lazy eye.

Generally no. A prosthetic eye is a part of you. Taking it out frequently upsets the balance of the anatomy. Generally, prosthetic eyes are removed every six months for a polishing to remove build-up that forms on the surface and to evaluate the fit.

Activities that put more pressure on the prosthetic eye such as skydiving, snorkeling or riding on a roller-coaster can cause discomfort and increased mattering or discharge.

Ocularists are the amazing, creative medical artists who design and paint them. They go through many years of schooling and apprenticeship to develop their skills. A BCO (Board Certified Ocularist) has gone through intense training and examinations and must re-certify every six years.

A good ocularist can construct a prosthetic eye in a couple of days.

Medical conditions such as cancer, retinal detachments, accidents, physical abuse and facial reconstructions are a few of the things that can cause the removal of an eye. There is no set rule for when a person should have an eye removed. Some people fight for years to keep their eyes.

Bad things happen to good people. No one is to blame. Getting an eye removed can bring relief to people who are fighting chronic pain.